What is ReSPECT

ReSPECT logo banner

ReSPECT is a process that creates personalised recommendations for a person’s clinical care in a future emergency in which they are unable to make or express choices. It provides health and care professionals responding to that emergency with a summary of recommendations to help them to make immediate decisions about that person’s care and treatment. ReSPECT can be complementary to a wider process of advance/anticipatory care planning.

The plan is created through conversations between a person and their health professionals. The plan is recorded on a form and includes their personal priorities for care and agreed clinical recommendations about care and treatment that could help to achieve the outcome that they would want, that would not help, or that they would not want.

ReSPECT can be for anyone, but will have increasing relevance for people who have complex health needs, people who are likely to be nearing the end of their lives, and people who are at risk of sudden deterioration or cardiac arrest. Some people will want to record their care and treatment preferences for other reasons. For more information click here. 

To receive training or for additional support please email joanne.hodgetts@nhs.net 

ReSPECT Training Videos

What is ReSPECT?

Why are we implementing ReSPECT in Worcestershire?

How to fill in the form

Communication skills

ReSPECT Case Studies

Case Study one: Emergency active treatment

  • A ReSPECT form does not always mean that resuscitation is not recommended
  • In an emergency situation, when no ReSPECT form is available, life-saving treatment should be given if considered to be in the best interest of the patient.
  • ReSPECT from can be used to consider organ donation preferences

Case Study two: Living with frailty & lacking capacity

  • For patients without capacity, the best interest decision making process should be followed when completing ReSPECT forms. 
  • All assessments of mental capacity where specific decisions need to be made regarding care & treatment and/or DNACPR should be recorded on the MCA 1
  • All best interests decisions made regarding care & treatment and/or DNACPR should be recorded on the MCA 2 form

Case Study three: Acutely unwell, no ResPECT form 

  • ReSPECT can be initiated in any care setting including the Emergency Department
  •  ReSPECT can be used to record DNACPR recommendations
  •  There should be a presumption in favour of patient involvement [in the DNACPR decision]. There needs to be convincing reasons not to involve the patient’.Tracey vs Cambridge University Hospital NHS FT (2015)  

Case Study four: Palliative case

  • ReSPECT is complementary to other advance care planning initiatives, such as Advance Care Plans & AMBER care Bundle that is used for patients in hospital with uncertain recovery
  •  ReSPECT is a patient held form & must travel with the patient & be reviewed upon a change of setting or condition.
  •  ReSPECT forms can help patients to prioritise their preferences for care & treatment and agree realistic clinical recommendations and ceilings of medical intervention.

Case Study five: Chronic illness

  • ReSPECT forms should sign post to other documents such as Advance Care Plans & Advanced Decisions to Refuse Treatments
  • ReSPECT can be used to outline preferences for place of care for medical treatment and place of death but also recognises these are ‘preferences’ not absolute.
  • ReSPECT forms can be effectively utilised for patients living with chronic illnesses for emergency care planning.